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Old 01-07-2012, 1:37 PM   #1
haninja haninja is offline
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Old Sand

I broke down my 180 for a redo and disposed of my old sand. This is what my sand looks like after 2 years...


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Old 01-07-2012, 1:48 PM   #2
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Did it harden together?

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Old 01-07-2012, 2:41 PM   #3
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Yep had to chisl it out..

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Old 01-07-2012, 2:46 PM   #4
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Lol wow thats some nasty stuff
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Old 01-07-2012, 2:47 PM   #5
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Old 01-07-2012, 2:54 PM   #6
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Break it up and throw it in your CA reactor, it's good stuff!

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Old 01-07-2012, 2:55 PM   #7
Mockery Mockery is offline
 
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Why?? What causes that to happen?

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Old 01-07-2012, 3:26 PM   #8
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Originally Posted by Mockery View Post
Why?? What causes that to happen?
I think it's caused by precipitation around the sand granules. High Ca and Alk facilitates the process. Within/deep in the sand bed, the pH drops. As the pH drops (similar to a Ca reactor), Ca and Alk dissolve, but then quickly precipiate as the area becomes saturated. When it precipitates it clumps the sand together.

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I broke down my 180 for a redo and disposed of my old sand. This is what my sand looks like after 2 years...
Now that's what I call nutrient export!

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Old 01-07-2012, 5:48 PM   #9
haninja haninja is offline
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I think it's caused by precipitation around the sand granules. High Ca and Alk facilitates the process. Within/deep in the sand bed, the pH drops. As the pH drops (similar to a Ca reactor), Ca and Alk dissolve, but then quickly precipiate as the area becomes saturated. When it precipitates it clumps the sand together.

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Now that's what I call nutrient export!
That is the best explanation I heard so far .

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Old 01-07-2012, 6:34 PM   #10
Ralph ATL Ralph ATL is offline
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Quote, "
It is reasonably common to have sand harden, especially when new.

It is not entirely clear whether sand bed hardening is a purely physical process involving calcium carbonate deposition (or other minerals) that cements grains together, or whether it is mediated by bacterial processes, but it does not always happen.

It happens most frequently to new sand, and especially when the pH is high (as when using limewater). It happened to me when I first set up my first tank, but not when adding tanks to the existing system using the same type of sand. I would guess that higher alkalinity and calcium also contribute, as well as lower magnesium.

Often the effect disappears as tanks mature (the hard sections stay hard, but unclumped sand stays that way, and new sand won't as readily clump).
The addition of organisms (cucumbers, etc) seems to delay or stop the process as they keep it mixed up and perhaps break tiny links between grains before they become too established.



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